American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.7, No.2, Jun. 2021, Pub. Date: May 15, 2021
Prevalence and Trends in Malnutrition, Individual and Country Level Adulthood Dual Burden of Malnutrition in Rural Bangladesh: Findings from Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey, 2011 – 2015
Pages: 32-38 Views: 109 Downloads: 37
Authors
[01] Ahmed Jubayer, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[02] Md. Moniruzzaman Nayan, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[03] Md. Hafizul Islam, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Abstract
An increasing proportion of adolescents are exposed to different forms of malnutrition through the rapid nutrition and food system transition and have a dual burden of malnutrition directly. We aimed to investigate the trends in country and individual level dual burden of malnutrition among adolescents of rural Bangladesh. Using nationally representative data, we calculated the prevalence of malnutrition at each survey year and annualized rates of prevalence change over time. We also investigated the country and individual level dual burden in adolescents. The prevalence of stunting in the first survey (25.5%, 95%CI: 24.1-26.8) represents a slight decline from the observed prevalence in the second survey (25%, 95%CI:23.8-26.3). Overall, the prevalence of thinness also declined but not significantly that is 16.3%(95%CI:15.1-17.5) in 2011 to 16.1% (95%CI:15-17.2) in 2015. In contrast to undernutrition, overweight prevalence increased significantly (p=0.004) between two rounds (5.1%, 95%CI:4.5-5.8 and 3.9% 95%CI:3.3-4.5 respectively). Both country and individual level dual burden has been increased substantially. Only 1.08% of adolescents were concurrently stunted and overweight in 2011 that increased to 1.32% in 2015. Moreover, the dual burden is much more prevalent among older adolescents compared to younger ones (19% vs 39%). Rural areas of Bangladesh experienced a rapid increase in the prevalence of overnutrition and a slower decline in the prevalence of undernutrition indicating a shift in policies and programs is needed to address both sides of malnutrition.
Keywords
Adolescent, Dual Burden, Malnutrition, Rural Bangladesh
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