International Journal of Advanced Materials Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Advanced Materials Research, Vol.7, No.3, Sep. 2021, Pub. Date: Nov. 22, 2021
Elaboration and Characterization of a Material Based on Recycled Bottle Shards and Polystyrene: Effects of Polystyrene Resin on Strengths
Pages: 26-31 Views: 36 Downloads: 15
Authors
[01] Brahiman Traore, Laboratory of Soils, Water and Geomaterials, UFR-STRM, Felix Houphouët Boigny University, Cocody-Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
[02] Koffi Clement Kouadio, Laboratory of Soils, Water and Geomaterials, UFR-STRM, Felix Houphouët Boigny University, Cocody-Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
[03] Conand Honore Kouakou, Laboratory of Soils, Water and Geomaterials, UFR-STRM, Felix Houphouët Boigny University, Cocody-Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
[04] Djakaridja Sangare, Laboratory of Soils, Water and Geomaterials, UFR-STRM, Felix Houphouët Boigny University, Cocody-Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
[05] Edjikeme Emeruwa, Laboratory of Soils, Water and Geomaterials, UFR-STRM, Felix Houphouët Boigny University, Cocody-Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
Abstract
This study consists of proposing a method of recycling polystyrene and glass bottle waste, by making construction materials. With a view to valorization its waste, this study was carried out and consisted of the development of materials based on expanded polystyrene (EPS) and bottle shards. The samples were developed with PSE rate varying from 20% to 85% with an increment of 5, followed by tests to determine their physical properties (density and absorption) and their mechanical properties (wear strength and three-point flexural strength). The results obtained show that the density of the materials decreases from 2.11 g⁄cm3 to 1.06 g⁄cm3 with an increase in the PSE rate. Likewise, absorption decreases from 4.45 to 0.33 with an increase in the PSE rate. Wear resistance also drops from 1.36 g⁄cm2 to 0.0 g⁄cm2 when going from 20 to 85% EPS. At last, the three-point flexural strength increases from 9.35 MPa to 23.19 MPa when going from 20 to 85% EPS. The use of EPS as a binder in materials gives it encouraging physical and mechanical properties. EPS and bottle shards waste considered as a new raw material resource in the manufacture of materials therefore constitutes a valorization way for this packaging waste.
Keywords
Bottle Shards, Expanded Polystyrene, Valorization, Waste, Resin
References
[01] Almusawi A. M. (2017), Mise en œuvre et optimisation des propriétés d’une structure Sandwich en Matériaux Biosourcés (Fibre et Bois de chanvre) avec une Matrice en Polystyrène pour le Bâtiment [Implementation and optimization of the properties of a Sandwich structure in Biobased Materials (Fiber and Hempwood) with a Polystyrene Matrix for the Building], Thèse de doctorat, Belfort-Montbéliard, 156 p.
[02] Kouadio K. C., Traoré B., Kaho S. P., Kouakou C. H, Emeruwa E.(2020). Influence of Mineral Filler on the Fire Behaviour and Mechanical Properties of a Wood Waste Composite Material Stabilized with Expanded Polystyrene. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 10. https://doi.org/10.4236/***.2020.*****
[03] Kaho S. P.*, Kouadio K. C., Kouakou C. H., Eméruwa E (2020). Development of a Composite Material Based on Wood Waste Stabilized with Recycled Expanded Polystyrene. Open Journal of Composite Materials, 10, 66-76. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojcm.2020.103005.
[04] ALmusawi A. M., Lachat R., Chamoret D., Atcholi K., Sagnaba S. (2018) Proposal of Sandwich Composite from Bioresource and Polystyrene Waste Materials. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7 (4.20) 329-333.
[05] Thiriez a., Ibo j., Butin v. (2011): Etude stratégique pour la gestion des déchets solides dans le district d’Abidjan [Strategic study for solid waste management in the district of Abidjan]. Rapport final définitif. 176 p.
[06] Ployaert. I. C. (2009). Durabilité des bétons par la maîtrise de l’absorption d’eau [Durability of concrete by controlling water absorption]. Bulletin de la Federation Cimentière Belges, 16 p.
[07] Kouakou C. H. (2005). Valorisation des argiles de Côte d’Ivoire: etude de la stabilisation de blocs d’argile comprimée et stabilise au ciment à l’aide de liants hydrauliques [Valorization of clays from Côte d'Ivoire: study of the stabilization of compressed clay blocks and stabilized with cement using hydraulic binders]. Thèse de doctorat Sciences de la Terre, option Géomateriaux, Universitéde Cocody, Abidjan, 196 p.
[08] Vilaseca. f, Gonzalez. a. v, Herrera-franc. P. J. O, Angels P. M., Jaon. P. L, Mutje. P. (2010): Biocomposites from abaca strands and polypropylene. Part I: Evaluation of the tensile properties; Bioresource Technology, 395 p.
[09] Benoit R. (2011). Matériaux composites à base de fibres de chanvre [Composite materials based on hemp fibers]. Mémoire la Faculté des études supérieures de l'Université Laval, 57 p.
[10] Sagnaba. S. (2014). Caractérisation mécanique et thermique de biocomposites à matrice polystyrène recyclé renforcée par des coques de cotonnier (Gossypium Hitsutum L.) ou des particules de bois de Kénaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus L.). [Mechanical and thermal characterization of biocomposites with a recycled polystyrene matrix reinforced by cotton hulls (Gossypium Hitsutum L.) or particles of kenaf wood (Hibiscus Cannabinus L.).].Thèse ’Université de Technologie de Belfort – Montbéliard, 172 p.
[11] Boussehel. H. (2018). Etude des moyens de stabilisions des composites à base de polystyrène [Study of the means of stabilization of polystyrene-based composites.]. Thèse Université Mohamed Khider- Biskra Faculté des Sciences Exactes et Sciences de la Nature et la Vie, 46 p.
[12] Agred L. et Amokrane S. (2017). Elaboration et caractérisation d’un nouveau matériau composite à base de PVC/roseau commun [Elaboration and characterization of a new composite material based on PVC/common reed.]. Mémoire université mouloud Mammeri de TiziOuzou faculté des sciences biologiques et des sciences agronomiques département de biologie animale et végétale, 46 p.
[13] Traore. B. (2018). Elaboration et caractérisation d’une structure composite (sable et déchets plastiques recycles): amélioration de la résistance par des charges en argiles [Elaboration and characterization of a composite structure (sand and recycled plastic waste): improvement of resistance by clay fillers.]. Thèse l’université Félix Houphouët-Boigny en sciences de la terre spécialité: géomatériaux: matériaux et l’université de bourgogne Franche-Comté en sciences pour l’ingénieur & microtechniques, 138 p.
[14] Banny. Y. M. (2016). Conception d’un nouveau matériau base de latex, d’argile et de fibres végétales [Design of a new material based on latex, clay and vegetable fibers.]. Mémoire Sciences de la Terre, option Géomateriaux, Université de Cocody, Abidjan, 53 p.
[15] Jolissaint O. S. P. (2014). Conception de briquettes de façade flexible pour les murs arrondis. [Flexible facing blocks design for rounded walls]. Thèse Sciences de la Terre, option Géomateriaux, Université de Cocody, Abidjan, 132 p.
[16] Djomo A. S. (2017). Valorisation des déchets non biodégradables: élaboration de produits (carreaux) à base de poudre de verre et tessons de bouteilles en substitution du sable et stabilisé au ciment. [Recovery of non-biodegradable waste: production of products (tiles) based on glass powder and broken bottles in substitution of sand and stabilized with cement.] Thèse Université Felix Houphouet Boigny Cocody-Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, 154 p.
[17] Kouadio K. C., KAHO S. P., Ouattara S. et Emeruwa E. (2020). Influence de la teneur en résine de polystyrène expansé sur les propriétés thermomécaniques d’un composite de copeaux de bois stabilisé [Influence of the content of expanded polystyrene resin on the thermomechanical properties of a stabilized wood chip composite]. Rev. Ivoir. Sci. Technol., 36 42 – 51.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.