American Journal of Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Articles Information
American Journal of Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, Vol.5, No.1, Mar. 2020, Pub. Date: Nov. 6, 2020
Explores of the Cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattidae) Roles as Carriers of Medically Important Parasites and Microorganisms
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[01] Imran Shabbir, Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
[02] Hira Shabbir, University Medical and Dental College, University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
[03] Mariha Aslam, Allied Hospital, Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
[04] Muhammad Farhan Sarwar, Mayo Hospital, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan.
[05] Muhammad Haroon Sarwar, Mayo Hospital, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan.
[06] Muhammad Sarwar, National Institute for Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering (NIBGE), Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Cockroaches (Insecta: Blattaria) are distributed worldwide and mainly found in human dwellings. Cockroaches are scavengers and while walking on spoiled food in garbage containers, they pick up various pathogenic organisms on their legs that can later deposit on uncovered food. In this way, they play an important role in transmitting of diseases either mechanically or occasionally biologically. Numerous bacteria and parasites of medical importance have been isolated from cockroaches; therefore this article has been designed to pinpoint microorganisms of health importance from external surfaces and gastrointestinal tract of cockroaches. The Blattodea order includes many species of cockroaches associated with humans, and these feed on man and pet food and can leave an offensive odour. They can passively transport pathogenic microbes on their body surfaces, particularly in environments such as hospitals. Cockroaches are linked with allergic reactions in humans. One of the proteins that trigger allergic reactions is tropomyosin and these allergens are also linked with asthma. Ova and cycts of some human parasites have been found from the gut of cockroaches including Trichu ristrichura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Entamoeba instolytica, hookworm and Enterobius vermicularis, and also some species of bacteria and fungi isolated from the body of the cockroaches. Some microorganisms of medical important have also been recovered such as Staplylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus cereus and Escherichia coli. This indicates that cockroaches as a domestic pests could pose a health problem to human. Therefore, cockroaches must be controlled particularly in indoors, sewage and solid wastes. Keep cooking, eating and food storage areas clean and dry. Service technicians must use a variety of treatment methods and combinations, usually including baits, dusts and aerosol treatment of cracks and crevices. There should be no visible residue of the materials used after treatment. Several non-chemical techniques may also be utilized including vacuum removal of floor debris can more easily detect the presence of pests, it could also suck up cockroaches and their eggs, and monitoring of populations with glue traps or other devices is helpful. Keep a spotless kitchen, pick up spilled food and crumbs immediately, do not leave dirty dishes out overnight, store dry foods such as cereal in airtight containers, put garbage in a sealed container, and seal cracks and crevices with caulk to help keep roaches out. Use roach baits in areas where cockroaches live in which a service Technician can install bait materials and find the best placement in home to maximize their effectiveness.
Micro-organisms, Parasites, Cockroaches, Antibiotic Resistance, Household Pests
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